tag archives: mannerist

 

what do you think of when you think of florence (firenze), italy?

probably, the cupola (dome) designed, engineered, and constructed for the duomo (cathedral) by filippo brunelleschi (1377-1446). 

view of florence from la leggenda dei frati restaurant, located in the giardino bardini (bardini gardens)

photo credit lisa walsh | innerspace

 

piazza del duomo | florence, italy

left to right:

arnolfo di cambio (1240-1310) | cattedrale di santa maria del fiore (cathedral of saint mary of the flower) (1296-1884)

filippo brunelleschi (1377-1446) | cupola di brunelleschi (brunelleschi’s dome) (1418-1434)

giotto di bondone (c. 1267-1337) | campanile di giotto (giotto’s bell tower) (1334-1359)

photo credit lisa walsh | innerspace

 

filippo brunelleschi (1377-1446) | cupola (1418-1434) | cattedrale di santa maria del fiore | piazza del duomo | florence, italy

photo credit lisa walsh | innerspace

 

brunelleschi is considered the most important italian renaissance architect and engineer because of his pioneering double layered and self supporting dome design.

even brunelleschi’s uncompleted buildings, such as the basilica di santo spirito (basilica of the holy spirit), which has an unfinished facade, are considered architectural and engineering masterpieces.

piazza santo spirito | florence, italy

filippo brunelleschi (1377-1446) | basilica di santo spirito (1444-1488)

photo credits lisa walsh | innerspace

 

like santo spirito, which was brunelleschi’s last project, the facade of one of brunelleschi’s first projects, the basilica di san lorenzo (basilica of saint lawrence), was never completed.

piazza san lorenzo | florence, italy

left to right:

filippo brunelleschi (1377-1446) | basilica di san lorenzo (1422-1461)

matteo nigetti (1570-1648) | cappella dei principe (chapel of the princes) (1602-1650) | le cappella medicee (the medici chapels)

michelangelo di lodovico buonarroti simoni (1475-1564) | sagrestia nuova (new sacristy) (1520-1534) | le cappella medicee

photo credits lisa walsh | innerspace

 

michelangelo (1475-1564) | sagrestia nuova (1520-1534) | le cappella medicee | florence, italy

photo credits lisa walsh | innerspace

 

you may think of michelangelo (1475-1564) as the painter and sculptor of masterpieces.  such as, the frescoes of the last judgement (1536-1541) on the walls, and the genesis episodes on the ceiling (1508-1512) of the cappella sistina (sistine chapel) at the musei vaticani (vatican museum) in roma (rome).  or, the marble sculpture of david, now at the galleria dell’accademia di firenze (gallery of the academy of florence).

the original sculpture of david.

michelangelo (1475-1564) | david (1502-1504) | galleria dell’accademia | florence, italy

photo credits lisa walsh | innerspace

 

and, the copy, which was installed in the piazza della signoria, outside of the palazzo vecchio (old palace), in 1873.

copy of david (1873) | piazza della signoria | florence, italy

photo credits lisa walsh | innerspace

 

but, michelangelo was also a brilliant architect.

one of michelangelo’s earliest architectural projects was an [unbuilt] design for the facade of brunelleschi’s basilica di san lorenzo, commissioned by giulio di giuliano de’ medici (1478-1534), who later became pope clement VII (1523-1534).  the medici family was one of michelangelo’s most prominent patrons.  and, san lorenzo was the parish church of the medici family.  pope clement VII also commissioned michelangelo to design a reliquary balcony for brunelleschi’s sagrestia vecchia (old sacristy) at san lorenzo.

michelangelo (1475-1564) | reliquary balcony (1532) | sagrestia vecchia | basilica di san lorenzo | florence, italy

photo credit lisa walsh | innerspace

view of brunelleschi’s sagrestia vecchia (1422-1428) from michelangelo’s reliquary balcony (1532)

photo credit lisa walsh | innerspace

 

in addition, pope clement VII commissioned michelangelo to design the biblioteca medicea laurenziana (medici laurentian library), which is located near the cloisters at san lorenzo.

michelangelo supervised the construction of the library from 1523 until 1534, when he relocated to rome.  giorgio vasari (1511-1574) and bartolomeo ammannati (1511-1592) completed the library according to michelangelo’s plans.  including, the multi functional wooden benches/bookstands/cupboards.  and, the lime wood ceiling that was carved by giovanni battista del tasso (1500-1555).  niccolò di raffaello di niccolò dei pericoli (1500-1550), michelangelo’s pupil who was also known as ‘il tribolo’, designed the red and white terracotta floor as a reflection of michelangelo’s ceiling design.

michelangelo (1475-1564) | reading room | biblioteca medicea laurenziana (1523-1571) | basilica di san lorenzo | florence, italy

photo credits lisa walsh | innerspace

 

michelangelo repeated the ceiling design from the reading room, which is considered a masterpiece of mannerist architecture, in the vestibule.

michelangelo (1475-1564) | vestibule | biblioteca medicea laurenziana (1523-1571) | basilica di san lorenzo | florence, italy

photo credit lisa walsh | innerspace

 

the monumental staircase that michelangelo designed for the vestibule is considered a model for baroque architecture.

and, michelangelo’s architectural masterpiece.

michelangelo (1475-1564) | vestibule | biblioteca medicea laurenziana (1523-1571) | basilica di san lorenzo | florence, italy

photo credits lisa walsh | innerspace

 

[michelangelo was] ‘supreme not in one art alone, but in all three.’

-from the life of michelangelo by giorgio vasari

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links to travel information:

giardino bardini (bardini garden)

il grande museo del duomo (the great cathedral museum) | cattedrale (cathedral) | cupola (dome) | battistero (baptistry) | campanile (bell tower) | cripta (crypt)

basilica di santo spirito  (basilica of the holy spirit)

galleria dell’accademia (gallery of the academy) | david

piazza della signoria | copy of david

basilica di san lorenzo (basilica of saint lawrence) | basilica | cappelle medicee (medici chapels) | biblioteca medicea laurenziana (medici laurentian library)

firenzecard | the official museum pass of the city of florence