• innerspace | interior design blog

 

do you believe in coincidence?  or, in connectivity?  such as, six degrees of separation, the theory that social distance is composed of six or fewer social network connections?

 

consider the following connections:

connection number one (numero uno):  a book

entryways of milan (ingressi di milano), an outstanding book about 20th century milanese architecture.  featuring the entrances of 144 residential buildings built during the 1920’s through the 1970’s.

 

entryways of milan (ingressi di milano) | edited and directed by karl kobitz

photo via taschen

 

connection number two (numero due):  two windows

i discovered entryways of milan (ingressi di milano) while researching leaded glass window designs for an innerspace interior design project.

most of the buildings in the book were designed by renowned architects, including giovanni muzio (1893-1982), giuseppe martinenghi (1894-1970), piero portaluppi (1888-1967), or giovanni (gio) ponti (1891-1979).  most of the entrances retain their original materials, fittings, and artwork, designed by the architects.  or, by industrial designers, such as angelo mangiarotti (1921-2012) or vico magistretti (1920-2006).  or, by artists, such as lucio fontana (1899-1968) or gio pomodoro (1930-2002).  most of their designs were fabricated by local artisans using local materials, including glass, stone, mosaics, ceramics, or metal.  and, most of the entrances retain their original lighting fixtures.  lighting designers or manufacturers include artimede, fontana arte, gino sarfatti (1912-1985), stilnovo, or venini.

the book could be considered a reference for 20th century italian design.  not only, because of the visually stunning photography.  but also, because of the captions, which document the location; the date; the architect, designer, or artist; and the materials, fittings, or artworks.  the index even includes a map.

entryways of milan (ingressi di milano) is the most outstanding design book that i have discovered recently.

the book became the inspiration for the window designs.  and, the inspiration for a walking tour of entryways the next time that my husband, bob, and i visit milan.

in addition to considering many inspirations from the book, my clients and i considered the artistic and technical expertise of theodore ellison designs, who is now developing the design concepts and the technical drawings.  and then, constructing the leaded glass windows.

 

via mario giuriati 5 | designed by giovanni muzio | 1930-1931

entryways of milan (ingressi di milano) | edited and directed by karl kobitz | page 10

photography by delfino sisto legnani

 

conceptual leaded glass window design | lisa walsh | innerspace

 

viale regina giovanna 32 | designed by giuseppe martinenghi | 1936-1938

entryways of milan (ingressi di milano) | edited and directed by karl kobitz | pages 48-49

photography by matthew billings

 

conceptual leaded glass window design | lisa walsh | innerspace

 

via raimondo franchetti 3 | designed by domenico poloni | 1937-1939

entryways of milan (ingressi di milano) | edited and directed by karl kobitz | pages 134-135

photography by paola pansini

 

conceptual leaded glass window design | lisa walsh | innerspace

 

connection number three (numero tre):  a handbag

as promoted on instagram.  one of the book’s photographers, delfino sisto legnani, also collaborates with milanese luxury leather brand, valextra.  their latest collaboration is a limited edition collection for valextra x extramilano.  eleven variations of iconic valextra handbags, inspired by entryways of milan (ingressi di milano).

 

corso sempione 33 | palazzo ina | designed by piero bottoni | 1953-1957

entryways of milan (ingressi di milano) | edited and directed by karl kobitz | pages 276-277

photography by delfino sisto legnani via valextra

 

valextra x extramilano | tric trac bag

photo credit valextra

 

via plinio 54

entryways of milan (ingressi di milano) | edited and directed by karl kobitz | page 80

photography by delfino sisto legnani via valextra

 

valextra x extramilano | brera top handle medium bag

photo credit valextra

 

corso italia 9 | designed by gio ponti | 1934

entryways of milan (ingressi di milano) | edited and directed by karl kobitz | page 264

photography by delfino sisto legnani via valextra

 

valextra x extramilano | series s mini bag

photo credit valextra

 

via morozzo della rocco 10 | designed by mario ugge | 1935-1937

entryways of milan (ingressi di milano) | edited and directed by karl kobitz | page 362

photography by delfino sisto legnani

 

valextra x extramilano | iside medium bag

photo credit valextra

 

via privata cesare mangili 6 | ca’ brutta | designed by giovanni muzio, pier fausto barelli, and vittorino colonnese | 1919-1923

entryways of milan (ingressi di milano) | edited and directed by karl kobitz | page 215

photography by delfino sisto legnani

 

valextra x extramilano | iside mini bag

photo credit valextra

 

via amatore sciesa 24

entryways of milan (ingressi di milano) | edited and directed by karl kobitz | page 233

photography by delfino sisto legnani

 

valextra x extramilano | iside medium bag

photo credit valextra

 

valextra is one of my favorite italian brands.  i love shopping with martina at the valextra flagship boutique on via manzoni in milan.  i especially love their white (pergamena) handbags.

i am now looking forward to the arrival of my new entryways of milan (ingressi di milano) inspired iside bag.

 

in memory of a modern master, french interior designer, christian liaigre (1943-2020).

a designer of products and projects.  furniture and furnishings.  residential, hospitality, and yacht interiors.

 

he had ‘style without being stylish’.

-liaigre website

penthouse | new york, ny | interior design by christian liaigre | architecture by john pawson

liaigre | written by christian liaigre and thomas luntz | pages 115, 100-101

photo credits (c) mark seelen

 

‘a maven of modern minimalism’,

-interior design magazine

 

who could be thought of as ‘our generation’s jean-michel frank’.

-brad ford, interior designer

-elle decor magazine

residence of jean-michel frank | paris, france

jean-michel frank, adolphe chanaux | written by leopold diego sanchez | page 70

 

jean-michel frank (1895-1941) collaborated regularly with the giacometti brothers, alberto (1901-1966) and diego (1902-1985), whose sculptures and furnishings also inspired liaigre.

residence | het zoute, belgium | interior design by christian liaigre

christian liaigre | trepied side table | 53121

christian liaigre | st. germaine lounge chair | 13607

liaigre | written by christian liaigre and thomas luntz | pages 123-125

photo credits (c) mark seelen

 

alberto giacometti (1901-1966) | la place II | bronze | 1948 | museum berggruen | berlin, germany

photo credit fondation giacometti

 

the endless columns of constantin brancusi (1876-1957) were another artistic inspiration.

residence | galicia, spain | interior design by christian liaigre

christian liaigre | nagato side table | 60521

maison christian liaigre | written and photographed by herbert ypma | pages 30

photo credit herbert ypma

 

atelier brancusi | reconstructed by renzo piano | centre pompidou | paris, france

photo credit centre pompidou | 1997 (c) agap, paris

 

as well as, the minimalist art, architecture, and furniture of donald judd (1928-1994).  like judd, liaigre reduced objects and space to their essential forms.

donald judd (1928-1994) | untitled | six units | douglas fir plywood | 1975 | judd foundation | new york, ny and marfa, tx

photo credit judd foundation

 

residence | mougins, france | interior design by christian liaigre

christian liaigre | marais console tables | 57023

christian liaigre | toja coffee table | no longer in production

liaigre | written by christian liaigre and thomas luntz | pages 276-277, 280-281, and 282

photo credits jean-philippe piter

 

liaigre was a minimalist and a modernist, yet a traditionalist.

which, may be why his work continually inspires me.

townhouse | london, united kingdom | interior design by christian liaigre

liaigre 12 projects | written by christian liaigre | pages 38-39

photo credit (c) mark seelen

 

‘a decade in colour’, an article by michelle ogundehin in the how to spend it magazine of the 14 december 2019 financial times (ft) newspaper, suggests that:

 

‘…paint is like make-up, easy to apply, easy to change-so i always reapply. 

and i suggest you treat colour trends in the same light-hearted way.’

 

photos via how to spend it | financial times (ft)

 

colour evolution | british trend forecasting service, wsgn

photo via dezeen

 

colors of the year 2010-2020 | american trend forecasting service, the pantone color institute(tm)

green turquoise 2010 | emerald 2013 | greenery 2017

blue serenity 2016 | classic blue 2020

purple radiant orchid 2014 | ultra violet 2018

red honeysuckle 2011 | tangerine tango 2012 | marsala 2015 | rose quartz 2016 | living coral 2019

color swatches via pantone

 

when you think of puglia (apulia), you may envision the distinctive whitewashed stone huts with conical roofs in alberobello.

trulli | alberobello | BA | italy

foreground | view of the rione monti district from the rione aia piccola district

background | chiesa sant’antonio da padova (church of saint anthony of padua)

photo credit lisa walsh | innerspace

 

there are over 1600 trulli of alberobello (trulli di alberobello) in the unesco world heritage site.

maps via unesco and geoplan.it

 

1030 trulli are concentrated in the rione monti district.

and, another 590 trulli are located in the rione aia piccola district.

trulli | alberobello | BA | italy

view of the rione monti district from piazza giangirolamo

photo credit lisa walsh | innerspace

 

trulli | alberobello | BA | italy

view of the rione aia piccola district from via cristoforo colombo

photo credit lisa walsh | innerspace

 

the trulli are built using a prehistoric method of dry stone construction that is unique to the region of the itria valley (valle d’itria).

more complex than the stone age construction process of the cave dwellings of matera (sassi di matera), which are simply enclosed by building an exterior wall of excavated stones.

section via italiansindc

 

even though they have conical roofs, trulli are rectangular buildings.

their double faced stone walls, which have rubble cores, are constructed from collected or excavated boulders or stones without using masonry mortar.

the eaves at the corners of the building channel water into an underground cistern.

the internal layer of the double faced roof is structurally supported by squinches (corner arches).  and, the external layer of the conical roof is constructed from corbelled stone shingles.

isometric drawing via the mind of architecture

 

the pinnacles on the roofs of the trulli, as well as the symbols that are painted on the shingles of the roofs with white ash,

are believed to have apotropaic power that wards off evil and misfortune.

trulli | alberobello | BA | italy

apotropaic pinnacles and symbols on the roofs

photo credits lisa walsh | innerspace

 

piazza d’annunzio | rione monti | alberobello | BA | italy

tenuta girolamo | piazza d’annunzio | rione monti | alberobello | BA | italy

photo credits lisa walsh | innerspace

 

casa lippolis | piazza pagano | rione aia piccola | alberobello | BA | italy

18th century | two story | built using masonry mortar

photo credit lisa walsh | innerspace

 

casa museo trullo sovrano | piazza sacramento | alberobello | BA | italy

18th century | two story with a staircase | built without using masonry mortar

photo credits lisa walsh | innerspace

 

many of the citta bianche (white cities), including alberobello, locorotondo, martina franca, cisternino, ceglie messapica, and ostuni, are located in the valle d’itria, which runs between putignano and martina franca.

map via zeemaps

 

my husband, bob, and i stopped in putignano for lunch at angelo sabatelli ristorante.

angelo sabatelli ristorante | via santa chiara | putignano | BA | italy

melanzane arrosto, pomodorini, basilico e burrata di angelo sabatelli (roasted eggplant, tomatoes, basil and burrata by angelo sabatelli)

click here for the ricette (recipe)

photos via great italian chefs and  great italian chefs

 

pranzo (lunch) was molto buono (very good). actually, delicious.

and, the valle d’itria is molta bella (very beautiful).

vineyards.  olive orchards.  and, trulli, trulli, and more trulli…

trulli | valle d’itria (itria valley) | near ceglie messapica | BR | italy

trulli | valle d’itria (itria valley) | near locorotondo | BA | italy

photo credits lisa walsh | innerspace

 

did you know that apulia produces about 33% of italian olive oil?

trulli | valle d’itria (itria valley) | near locorotondo | BA | italy

photo credit lisa walsh | innerspace

 

sadly, the olive orchards in southern apulia are now infested by xylella fastidosa, a bacterium spread by the spittlebug (sputacchina), an insect related to the sharpshooter, which last infested california wine country during the 1990’s.

as a result, about 10% of italy’s olive oil production has been lost during the past year.

click here to read a financial times (ft) article about the infestation.

from this:  healthy olive orchard | carovigno (near ostuni) | BR | italy

to that:  diseased olive orchard | surbo (near lecce) | LE | italy

photo credits lisa walsh | innerspace

 

fortunately, the centenary olive trees in the sculpture garden at la fiermontina, our hotel in lecce, remain healthy.

the sculptures are by rené letourneur (1898-1990) and jacques zwobada (1900-1967), two french artists who both loved the owners’ grandmother, antonia fiermonte (1914-1956), and were both loved by her.

 

the sculpture garden | la fiermontina | lecce | LE | italy

photo credits lisa walsh | innerspace

 

la fiermontina is a restored masseria (fortified farmhouse) in the centro storico (historic city center) of lecce.  the baroque architecture in lecce is comparable to the baroque architecture in sicily.

our room featured a drawing of antonia fiermonte by jacques zwobada.

jacques zwobada | antonia de dos | 1943

photo credit la fiermontina

 

and, a honey colored lecce limestone vaulted ceiling.

 

junior suite number 1 | la fiermontina | lecce | LE | italy

photo via  tripadvisor

 

bella (beautiful)!

 

puglia (apulia), the ‘heel’ of the italian ‘boot’, is located between the adriatic and the ionian seas.  with approximately 800 kilometers (500 miles) of coastline.  along with cliffs, sea caves, coves, sand dunes, sand and pebble beaches.

map via zeemap

 

generally, the water is deeper along the adriatic coast than the ionian coast.  and, the east coast is generally rockier than the west coast.  but, the beach can be either rocky or sandy along either coast.

adriatic sea | east coast

polignano a mare | BA | italy

photo credit lisa walsh | innerspace

 

our entertainment during lunch at ristorante lo scalo,

located in marina di novaglie, near the ‘tip of the heel’ where the adriatic sea ‘meets’ the ionian sea.

adriatic sea | east coast

ristorante lo scalo | marina di novaglie | LE | italy

‘uno, due, tre!’ (‘one, two, three!’)

coached by mamma, who was taking photographs from a ledge on the cliff on the opposite side of the inlet

photo credits lisa walsh | innerspace and bob walsh

 

our entertainment during an afternoon walk on the beach at lido morelli,

following lunch at osteria gia sotto l’arco in carovigno (near ostuni).

adriatic sea | east coast

lido morelli | ostuni | BR | italy

photo credits lisa walsh | innerspace

 

my husband, bob, and i love to walk (and walk, and walk…) on the beach.  so, we prefer sandy beaches.

le spiaggia di pescoluse (the beach of pescoluse) may be the longest sandy beach in apulia.  about 5 kilometers (3 miles) long.  not as long as our favorite beach in forte dei marmi, which is about 30 kilometers (18 miles) long.  but, long enough to spend a couple of ‘beach days’ during our recent holiday.

the ionian coast between santa maria di leuca and gallipoli is known as le maldive del salento (the maldives of salento) because of the shallow, turquoise blue water.

ionian sea | west coast

le spiaggia di pescoluse | marina di pescoluse | LE | italy

photo credit lisa walsh | innerspace

 

le cinque vele (the five sails), ‘our’ beach club in marina di pescoluse, is supposedly the most stylish beach club on the ionian coast.

le cinque vele | marina di pescoluse | LE | italy

photo credits lisa walsh | innerspace

 

perfect headquarters to walk north on the beach, towards torre pali.

le spiaggia di pescoluse | walking north on the beach towards torre pali

photo credits lisa walsh | innerspace

 

or south on the beach, through the ‘mobile shopping mall’…

mobile shopping mall | le spiaggia di pescoluse

photo credits lisa walsh | innerspace

 

…towards torre vado.

le spiaggia di pescoluse | walking south on the beach towards torre vado

photo credits lisa walsh | innerspace

 

if you were planning a beach holiday in italy, would you visit le maldive del salento?

or, the italian riviera?

forte dei marmi | LU | italy

30 kilometer (18 mile) sandy beach from viareggio to marina di carrara

photo credit fortedeimarmivillas.com